Qualifying Factors for In Vitro Fertilization
Infertility is a fairly prevalent condition that affects millions of American couples. While the condition itself can be devastating news to potential parents, medical technology has evolved to offer a number of treatment options. In vitro fertilization has become one of the most publicized alternatives to the condition of infertility, but few people are aware of the small percentage of couples who qualify for the procedure. In fact, medical professionals typically offer other methods of fertility treatments prior to recommending in vitro procedures. Listed below are some common qualifiers for patients interested in pursuing in vitro fertilization.
Health – The in vitro process itself involves an invasive procedure to extract eggs from the female and subsequently re-implant the fertilized embryos. The procedure is deemed relatively safe, but it is not advised for females who suffer from conditions that could react unfavorably to the procedure. Thus, doctors due take into account the medical history of the female patient before making a recommendation.
Fertility – Because in vitro fertilization replicates the process of insemination outside of the body, it is important that the female partner can produce healthy eggs, and the male partner can contribute quality sperm. This is probably the most overlooked qualifier with in vitro fertilization. The procedure itself is not a cure for infertility, but rather a treatment to aid in the process of conception.
Fallopian Tube Integrity – Pregnancy through in vitro fertilization is most often recommended for females with fallopian tube disorders. Since the female eggs are fertilized by the sperm while in the fallopian tubes, the integrity of the fallopian tubes plays an important role in successful conception. The process of in vitro fertilization actually bypasses the use of the fallopian tubes. This can create an opportunity for successful pregnancy in women with fallopian tube concerns.
Endometriosis – Endometriosis is a chronic condition that results in extra tissue building up outside of the uterus. In addition to causing menstrual discomfort for the female, endometriosis also can create a hostile environment within the female reproductive system that reduces the chance of successful conception. Patients who suffer from endometriosis can experience success with in vitro fertilization, but it depends on the severity of the condition and the availability of other treatment options.
In conclusion, in vitro fertilization is not designed to cure all infertility cases. It is more likely that a doctor will initially prescribe other forms of fertility treatment (such hormone therapy) prior to recommending this procedure. The best advice for couples seeking help with their fertility condition is to meet with their doctor. There are numerous test and treatment options available that have proven successful in the right conditions. Education is the first step in coping with infertility. By becoming aware of the afflicting conditions and the possible treatments, patients can better prepare themselves for a successful pregnancy strategy.