IVF Treatment And Understanding The Causes Of Infertility

IVF Treatment And Understanding The Causes Of Infertility


One IVF treatment plan involve a process in which an egg is removed from an ovary and introduced into a sperm in a laboratory culture dish.

Fertilization takes place in this laboratory dish, in vitro fertilization, which means ‘test-tube.’

Virtually, it means the experiment is carried out outside the organism, usually in a Petri-dish or a test tube.

Since the invention of this technique in 1978, more than 200,000 babies have been produced successfully up to date.

How does IVF work?

In most cases, IVF treatments start with the course of hormone injection to stimulate the maturation of several follicles in the ovary.

Once the follicles mature, they are collected as eggs, which are then fertilized in a laboratory dish to grow several embryos.

ivf treatment
sperm fertilizing the egg

The eggs are then incubated in an incubator for two to five days after which one or two embryos are selected and transferred to the uterus via the vagina, where implantation takes place, and the process of pregnancy takes the course.

Just like in natural fertilization, not all IVF implants lead to successful pregnancy. Thus, surplus embryos are usually frozen so that a subsequent process can be tried if the first trial fails. Today, freezing is a very vital process of every clinic`s IVF procedure.

What causes of infertility, can IVF treat?

There are many situations in which IVF may be an option. Here are some circumstances which can warrant IVF treatment:

-Low sperm counts

-Problems with ovulation

-Endometriosis

-Unexplained infertility problems

-Inability of sperms to survive or penetrate the cervical mucus

-Problems with Fallopian tubes or uterus

-Antibody problems that destroy eggs or sperms

In essence, IVF is never the first option treatment for infertility. Instead, the process is reserved for cases in which other techniques such as artificial insemination, surgery, and fertility drugs haven’t helped.

Success Rates

It is imperative to note that the success rates of IVF treatments usually decline with age, i.e. they start to fall when the patients attain the age of 35 or more.

Even so, success rates may be affected by other factors such as method and expertise of the person performing the process. The success rates can range from 50% to 60% per cycle.

Side effects

While IVF treatment has been a success story, some side effects have also been reported with the process.

One of the most reported side effects is the development of multiple pregnancies.

Additionally, there have also been reports of small risk that some women may over-react to the hormone therapy used to stimulate the follicles but ultrasound and hormone monitoring during the drug treatment phase usually ensures that any over-reaction is stopped, and other risks avoided.

More so, the process of egg collection, which is normally performed using a local anesthesia, can be uncomfortable to most women.

What`s more, it is important to review the treatment center before undergoing an IVF procedure. The costs of IVF treatments are usually expensive though they typically vary from one place to another. Apart from costs, it is also important to make inquiries about pregnancy ratios, egg donation programs, deliveries, live births for couples who undergo the procedure, and even the costs of hormone treatments.

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