Infertility In Men and Women And Understanding The Cause
No one likes to hear the word “infertility” Some people associate that word with some sort of disease and that is just not the case.
Most people or couples in this society would wish to have a family of their own, but this is not always possible especially for some couples who have lived most of their lives without children.
Fertility is a term that refers to the natural ability to produce offspring, human fertility depends on several factors which include; sexual behavior, nutrition, consanguinity, instinct, way of life, culture or emotions.
Fertility likewise refers to the actual production of offspring in a demographic context, however, infertility is a disease which is associated with the reproductive system, it’s the inability to achieve a clinical pregnancy or in simple terms, the inability of a couple to conceive after 12 months or more of active sexual intercourse.
Infertility has always been thought to be a female concern but medically a man can also be infertile, it involves female factors, male factors or both.
Having children can be one of the greatest joy in life, it’s important to note that both partners have to be tested for common infertility problems.
Research suggests that female fertility drops after the age of 35 and peaks in the early 20’s.
During menopause which typically occurs during midlife in women, usually between the ages of 50 and 55, hormonal production produced by the ovaries reduces, this causes a permanent cessation functionality aspect of the ovaries thus regarded as the end of a fertile phase in a females life.
There are so many factors that cause female fertility problems, such factors include; conditions affecting the uterus and ovulation’s, hyperprolactinemia which involves huge amounts of prolactin in the blood, blockage of the Fallopian tube, pelvic adhesion’s and Endometriosis.
Male or men fertility simply means the ability of a man to cause pregnancy.
On the other hand, male infertility refers to the inability of a man to cause pregnancy and the most common case that is associated with male fertility problems is the sperm quality and quantity.
Some of this sperm related problems include, inability of the sperm to move quickly in order to fertilize the egg, sperm not being formed correctly and the male not being able to produce able sperm.
Another problem that causes male infertility is an ejaculation problem, this may be as a result of blocked tubes in the male reproductive organs which may not allow sperms to pass through, forcing the ejaculation to move backward into the bladder from the prostate.
As a matter of fact, being infertile doesn’t mean a couple is sterile, infertile and sterile are two term that confuse a lot of people.
20% of individuals are infertile, which means they have issues that make conception very difficult, while on the other hand only 5 % of couples are sterile, implying that they will never have the capacity to become pregnant.
There can be huge emotional repercussions for a majority of couples regarding infertility, they may feel irritated, disappointed, or frustrated about their inability to conceive a child.
While having an emotional response to this condition is typical, it’s important to note that infertility issues are not a partners fault.
Likewise, couples looking help for fertility have ample reasons to be optimistic, a good number of patients who look for fertility treatment do in the long run get pregnant, either with help or normally.