Egg Donation and Invitro Fertilization – What You May Not Know
Today, there are many couples which can’t conceive due to infertility. Fortunately, due to major scientific breakthroughs, couples with infertility problems can comfortably conceive babies. The most popular infertility procedures include in vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination and egg donation.
What is IVF?
In vitro fertilization is a complex procedure which involves combining the sperms and eggs outside the body in a laboratory. This is different from artificial insemination where sperms are put in the uterus and fertilization takes place normally. In IVF, once the embryo forms it’s placed in the uterus.
What is Egg Donation?
Egg donation is the process by which eggs are extracted from an egg donor’s ovaries by a specialist. The specialist may use the eggs immediately for implantation or freeze them for future use. Any couple which cannot be helped through in vitro fertilization should consider using donor eggs or donor embryos.
Who can use donated eggs?
There are many reasons which might cause a woman to consider using donated eggs. In addition, gay couples and single men might also consider using an egg donor if they want a baby of their own. You might be a candidate for donated eggs due to the following.
Early menopause – Depending on your genes, menopause can kick in at early 30s or earlier. This leaves these women with very limited time to start a family.
Age – As a woman ages, so do her eggs. In most cases, after a woman reaches 35 years, her eggs become unable to produce a successful pregnancy.
A number of failed pregnancies – If you have a hard time in staying pregnant, egg donation is what you need.
Medical reasons – These might include genetically transmitted diseases which can be passes to your child or damaged ovaries.
How egg donors are selected
The process of choosing an egg donor is very crucial hence many factors are considered. For you to be an egg donor, you should…
– Be healthy
– Aged between 18 and 35
– Have no history of genetically transmitted diseases.
In most cases, egg donors prefer to remain anonymous. However, when both parties agree, the couple which will use the donated eggs is allowed to meet the donor before the procedure starts. This allows the parties to take the necessary legal steps.
How egg donation works
The egg donation process in IVF takes place in a series of steps:
-Egg donor matching
-Suppression and ovarian stimulation for the egg donor
-Endometrial lining development for the donor recipient
-Triggering ovulation and egg retrieval for the egg donor
-Fertilization and embryo transfer for the recipient
-Post-retrieval checkup for the donor and pregnancy tests for the recipient
Are there any risks of using donated eggs?
To protect yourself from any risks, you should always use donated eggs from a registered donor at a licensed clinic. In such facilities, the donors are required to provide thorough information of their family history, go through stringent screening to ensure that they aren’t carrying any infections and are counseled before the process starts.
Egg donation and other infertility treatments have resulted in over 200000 births over the past few years. Even though it’s an expensive process, it gives results.
While some may criticize women who sell their eggs for financial gain, the fact is that there is a growing market that supports the market. As medical technology continues to advance, the success rate of in vitro fertilization has increased substantially.
But without the availability of healthy eggs the entire process is impossible. Thus, those who can afford to compensate healthy egg donors are usually more than happy to do so.